Philippine Basketball League - Bacchus Team
 
 
 
  Rules and Regulations Manual
  (HOUSE RULES)

  The PBL: Where it all began

  The First Big Steps

  Creating an Impact
  Hard Times Ahead
  The PBL bounces back
  The PBL Retools for the Future
  Stability Under a Young Leader
  The Evolution of the PBL

 

 
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RULES AND REGULATIONS MANUAL (HOUSE RULES)

FOREWORD

The Philippine Basketball League (PBL) has remained as the premier amateur basketball league in the country. It has sustained its patronage and public acceptance by being dynamic and adaptable to the ever-changing needs of times. Players have become taller, faster and more scientific in their system of playing. Thus, basketball rules have to be periodically changed to meet the demands of the sport and to make the games more exciting and enjoyable.

The PBL adopts the rules of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), which governs amateur basketball in the country as well as international competition. However, since our tournament takes almost three (3) months to complete, we deemed it necessary to institute certain PBL house rules (as additional regulations that are over and above the FIBA rules) that will govern all participants of the game.

In this regard, any and all other rules not specifically covered in the PBL house rules shall be governed by the FIBA rules. The Game Operations Unit (GOU) is tasked to ensure the correct applications of both rules at all times.

This manual seeks to guide all members of the PBL family regarding accepted norms, rules and regulations and systems and procedures governing the conduct of all PBL games.

These HOUSE RULES were not formulated overnight. It is a compilation of rules promulgated by the Office of the Commissioner since 2000. All these compilations now form as an integral part of this manual.

UNDERLYING PHILOSOPHY IN OFFICIATING

The PBL game officials shall apply the following fundamental principles in the conduct of the game:

  • The spirit and intent of the rules and the need to uphold the integrity of the game.
  • Consistency in applying the concept of “advantage/disadvantage”, whereby the officials should not seek to interrupt the flow of the game unnecessarily.
  • To avoid penalizing personal contact which is incidental (contacts with no appreciable effect) to the play and does not give the player responsible for the contact an unfair advantage nor place his opponent at a distinct disadvantage.
  • Consistency in applying common sense to each game, taking into account the abilities of the players concerned and their attitude and conduct during the game.
  • Consistency in maintaining a balance between game control and game flow, having a “feeling” for what the participants are trying to do and calling what is right for the game.

Acts of violence may occur during the game, contrary to the spirit of sportsmanship and fair play. These should be stopped immediately.

Whenever acts of violence occur between players, substitutes, coaches, assistant coaches, team officials and other team bench personnel, the game officials shall take the necessary action to stop them.

Any of the above-mentioned persons who are guilty of flagrant acts of aggression against opponents or game officials shall be promptly ejected/disqualified from the game as specified on Page 15 of this manual under Section XII - Automatic Ejection/Disqualification from the Game.

I. TEAM COMPOSITION / LINE-UP CHANGES

Each team shall be allowed fifteen (15) players in its line-up. All 15 players are eligible and entitled to play.

The deadline for line-up changes shall be on the last playing day of the elimination round.

Players on the reserved list who are not part of the regular team may be signed up by other teams as free agents, except in the case of players of school-based teams who still have college eligibility.

Players who are placed in the injured list must present a medical certificate and submit to examination by the official PBL physicians. A minimum of one (1) week shall be required before injured players can be reactivated.

The forty-eight (48) hours notice on player changes and reactivation shall apply. Sunday shall not count as a working day. Communications sent on a Sunday to the Office of the Commissioner will be considered as having been received on the first hour of business on Monday.

 
 


II. PLAYERS’ ELIGIBILITY

To be eligible, all new players shall be at least eighteen (18) years of age but not more than twenty-six (26) years old on or before the start of the immediate succeeding conference.

All new players shall pass through the regular Draft. Teams shall have seven (7) working days to negotiate exclusively with their draftees.

Beginning October 2004, the PBL will categorize as Fil-foreigners those who lay claim to Philippine citizenship derived from either his mother or father at the time of his birth and who has not played high school or college basketball in the Philippines.

Each team will be allowed to hire only one (1) Fil-foreign player except those who already have a guest player. This ruling will not apply to Fil-foreigners who had already been allowed to play previously in the PBL.

The Fil-foreigner is expected to complete the requirements of recognition before the next conference, otherwise he will be ruled ineligible to play further in the PBL.

III - PLAYERS’ CLASSIFICATION

Beginning March 2005, each team will be allowed to hire only one (1) ex-pro at any given time. It should also be noted that beginning March 2004, the incubation period for ex-pros to revert to regular playing status in the PBL had been shortened to two (2) consecutive conferences.

Ex-pros will be covered by other rules such as eligibility due to age (not more than 26 years old).

Returning players are also covered by the eligibility rules except those who are deemed to have been continuously playing in the PBL. A player is deemed to have been active in the PBL if he had signed a Uniform Player’s Contract (UPC) for the immediate past conference as specified on Page 12 under UPC of the Team Operations Manual.

IV - PLAYERS’ RECRUITMENT

Teams who wish to recruit players from school-based team or any other amateur commercial league shall undertake the following procedures:

  1. The team owner or his representative shall take the initiative to negotiate
    with a school-based team of their choice or any other amateur commercial league team;
  2. The team owner or his representative shall seek the approval of the Board of Trustees by declaring his intention to recruit during the scheduled first Board of Trustee’s meeting after the conclusion of the season-ending conference;
  3. The team owner or his representative shall be limited to only one (1) school-based team or one (1) amateur commercial league team; and
  4. Upon approval of the Board of Trustees, the team shall have absolute rights to recruit players from declared school-based team and amateur commercial league team as the player’s name appears in the draft list.

V - CONDUCT ON THE TEAM BENCH/DRESS CODE/OTHER
EQUIPMENT OR OBJECTS

The following guidelines shall be observed:

  1. In order to put more semblance of order on the team bench area, only six (6) team officials are allowed to sit on the team bench. However, during time-outs, support staff (utilities, ballboy, masseur therapist, etc.) may enter the team bench area;
  2. To further enhance the public image of the PBL, a dress code shall be firmly implemented for team officials sitting on the team bench. Walking shorts, collarless shirts, faded jeans and sandals are strictly prohibited. Utilities and ballboys may opt to wear team uniforms instead;
  3. All injured players in street clothes shall be strictly prohibited from sitting on the team bench area;
  4. All players under suspension shall not be allowed to be present at the playing venue and the immediate premises during his team’s next scheduled game; and
  5. The use of pro-grip has been banned in the PBL starting the 2003-2004 season. Likewise, wearing of spectacles, jewelry and other objects that may pose danger to fellow players are strictly prohibited.

VI - NORMS AND CODE OF CONDUCT OF PLAYERS/TEAM OFFICIALS

The proper conduct of the game demands the full and loyal cooperation of the members of both teams (players, substitutes, coaches, assistant coaches, team officials and other team bench personnel) with the game officials, table officials and the GOU directors.

Players and team officials are expected to display a high standard of conduct in PBL games. Allowing players and team officials to escape the consequences for marginal offenses in the early stages of a game makes them believe they can continue with it. This contributes to making task of enforcing a high standard of behaviour more difficult later in the game - not to mention as the conference continues.

To ensure the smooth functioning of the games, the following shall be observed:

  1. All players and team officials shall go directly to their respective team’s dressing rooms after the end of the first half and after the end of game;
  2. There should absolutely be no crossing on the playing court for purposes of going to and approaching in the direction of the game officials to talk to them;
  3. All complaints and grievances regarding perceived wrong calls shall be directed to the GOU directors during the half-time interval only but not immediately after the game;
  4. The “overnight cool-off” period for the offending player/team official shall be strictly imposed;
  5. All players and team officials are prohibited to go within the vicinity or directly into the direction of the referees’ dressing room before, during and after their game;
  6. Comments and/or remarks coming from players and team officials which undermine the integrity of the PBL are strictly prohibited;

Any violation of these Norms and Code of Conduct shall be dealt with severe fines and penalties as may be determined by the Commissioner.

All of the foregoing have been quoted from various memoranda arising from previous incidents in the PBL.

VII - INQUIRIES ON THE CONDUCT OF THE GAME

The following procedures on any inquiry on the conduct of the game shall be strictly observed:

  1. The coach or his representative may approach anyone of the GOU directors for rule clarifications or pertinent observations concerning officiating. This must be done only during the half-time interval of each game at the on-site PBL office (located at venue where the game is being played);
  2. After the game, grievances, rule clarifications and other inquiries on the conduct of the game shall not be entertained. The coach or his representative shall secure a request form at the on-site PBL office specifically for this purpose. The GOU directors shall then entertain such request the following day; and
  3. Decisions made by the GOU directors and the Office of the Executive Director and/or the Office of the Commissioner are final and can not be contested or disregarded.

VIII - TIME-OUTS

The following opportunity for a time-out shall be granted to each team during playing time:

  1. Each team shall have seven (7) time-outs during the regulation period broken down as follows:

    • 1 Time-out in the 1st quarter } These time-outs become mandatory
    • 1 Time-out in the 2nd quarter } on the 4th and 6th minute of each
    • 1 Time-out in the 3rd quarter } quarter (time remaining 6:00 and
    • 1 Time-out in the 4th quarter } 4:00, respectively).

1 Wildcard time-out (see No. 3 below)

2 Time-outs in the last two (2) minutes of 4th quarter (see No. 4 below)

7 Total number of time-outs

  1. Each team shall have one (1) mandatory time-out on the 4th and 6th minute of each quarter (time remaining 6:00 and 4:00, respectively).
  2. In addition, each team shall be given one (1) wildcard time-out which can be used in any quarter but not after the last two (2) minutes of the 4th quarter.
  3. Each team shall have two (2) time-outs during the last two (2) minutes of the 4th quarter.
  4. In case of any extra period, each team shall be given two (2) time-outs. However, any unused time-outs in the 4th quarter or extra period may not be carried over to any succeeding overtime period.

Important Reminder

The coaches HAVE NO RIGHT WHATSOEVER TO PLACE A CONDITION ON THEIR REQUESTS FOR A TIME-OUT. The moment a time-out opportunity begins, the time-out request is immediately granted and charged against the team WHOSE COACH FIRST MADE THE REQUEST unless the time-out is granted following a field goal scored by the opponents and without a foul or violation having been called.

IX - CORRECTABLE SITUATIONS

As separate procedures from the correctable instances enumerated in Art. 44 (Correctable errors) of the 2006 FIBA Official Basketball Rules, the following situations may be impartially corrected taking into account the result of thorough review of the video footage as follows:

  1. If the game officials encounter difficulties in determining whether a period
    ending shot or a 24-second clock ending shot shall count. Review shall establish whether the release of the ball preceded the signal sound or the signal sound preceded the release of the ball;
  2. If the game officials fail to determine whether a shot for a field goal is a legitimate 2-points or a legitimate 3-points field goal attempt. Review shall affirm the correct place from where the shot was validly taken;
  3. If the game officials were unable to make instantaneous decisions on whether a goal tending or interference with the ball violation has occurred. Review shall validate whether a clear violation was actually committed either by the offensive or defensive player; and
  4. If an out-of-bounds decision as to who last touched the ball is found to be incorrect, the crew chief (referee) shall immediately confer with his crew to provide assistance and ensure that ball possession is awarded to the team rightfully entitled to the throw-in. However, if no assist and/or correction is made by whichever the crew chief (referee) or the other umpire, then the decision of the official calling the infraction as to whom the possession of the ball is awarded SHALL BE FINAL and can not be contested or disregarded.

Important Notice

All of the foregoing situations shall require an immediate official’s time-out and appropriate consultation process with the GOU directors, game officials and table officials. These procedures will ensure that the game is put into the RIGHT PLAY and that no team shall be unduly penalized or unfairly disadvantaged because of the involuntary error in judging the play.

In addition, all the listed definitions and procedures under FIBA Art. 44 (Correctable errors) shall be firmly applied regardless if the correction of the error shall influence the result of the game.

As a general rule, the crew chief (referee) shall affirm the final decision in each of the correctable circumstances under Nos. 1, 2 and 3 above and Art. 44.

X - UNSPORTSMANLIKE FOULS

In addition to Art. 36, specifically under Art. 36.1.4, (Unsportsmanlike fouls) of the 2006 FIBA Official Basketball Rules, the following shall be implemented:

  1. Unsportsmanlike foul “A” - penalized with two (2) free throws plus
    possession of the ball for a throw-in, and a two (2) minute “cool-off”
    period for the offending player:
  • A player who is after the man and makes no effort to play the ball and commits excessive contact (pushing, holding, kicking, deliberate attempt to cause harm, etc.);
  • A player who may be after the ball but in the process commits excessive contact that results to dire consequences; and
  • Beginning October 2004, a player who commits unnecessary personal contact against an opposing player after a foul has already been called (in the same stopped clock or dead ball period) shall be assessed with an unsportsmanlike foul “A”. After the whistle, no extra harmful motion and/or unsportsmanlike act is allowed since this could trigger on-court violence.

The foregoing infractions are subject to appropriate fines and penalties as specified on Page 17, Section XIV - Fines and Penalties.

  1. Unsporstmanlike foul “B” - penalized with two (2) free throws plus
    possession of the ball for a throw-in:
  • If a defensive player WHO HAS NOT CLEARLY MAINTAINED A LEGAL GUARDING POSITION AND/OR LINE OF DEFENSE IN FRONT OF HIS OPPONENT commits a foul (with no clear intention to hurt) on a player who has already established a clear path toward the basket, that player shall be assessed with an unsportsmanlike foul “B”.

The above infraction is not subject to fines and penalties as specified on Page 17, Section XIV - Fines and Penalties.

XI - TECHNICAL FOULS

Technical fouls by a player are player’s personal foul that do not involve contact with an opposing player and is considered as behavioural in nature. Any overt dissent either verbal or non-verbal by a player will not be tolerated. If any form of disrespect or discredit is made by a player toward a referee about a referee’s decision, a technical foul will be assessed. Every disapproving reaction that incites the crowd or demean the referee will not be accepted. Players have been told to amend their conduct as it reflects discredit on the game of basketball and upon the PBL.

In addition to those listed in Art. 36 (Unsportsmanlike fouls) and Art. 37 (Disqualifying fouls) of the 2006 FIBA Official Basketball Rules, the following unsportsmanlike behaviour shall be considered as a technical foul by a player (Art. 38) and, therefore, subject to appropriate fines and penalties as specified on Page 17, Section XIV - Fines and Penalties:

  1. Tripping an opponent without contact;
  2. Elbowing a player without contact (excessive elbow);
  3. Trash talking and taunting or baiting an opponent; use of obscene or profane language;
  4. Use of dirty finger (“stickcum”) or pointing an accusing finger to game officials or opponents;
  5. Continuous complaining after a warning for overt dissent has been given;
  6. Persistent and flagrant overt dissent;
  7. Any other acts which in the judgment of the game officials are manifestly detrimental to the game.

The following non-contact infractions shall be considered as a technical foul by a player (Art. 38), however, shall not be subject to fines and penalties as specified on Page 17, Section XIV - Fines and Penalties:

  1. Delaying the game by deliberately touching the ball after it passes through the basket or by preventing a throw-in from being taken promptly. However, touching the ball immediately after a successful field goal or a successful last or only free throw, if not flagrant enough, shall be given a prior warning before a technical foul is called;
  2. Deliberate hanging on the ring before or after a shot for field goal or dunk shot in such a way that the weight of the player is supported by the ring; and
  3. Any other delay-of-game acts which in the judgment of the game officials shall place the opponent at a distinct disadvantage.

Important Notice

An official warning would be given only when the ball becomes dead and the game clock is stopped or after any stoppage of the game.

When an official warning is given to a player for an action or behaviour which, if repeated, may lead to a technical foul, that warning shall be considered as a personal warning to the offending player of that team, e.g. “Player No. 10 warning for delaying the game or warning for preventing a throw-in from being taken promptly”.

Such warning shall apply to all members of that team for the remainder of the game. The warning shall also be communicated or relayed to the coach of that team for his appropriate information. Typical examples of warning given to a player of Team A or Team B are as follows:

  • Interfering with the throw-in or delaying the game after a successful field goal or a successful last or only free throw;
  • Obstructing the shooter’s field of vision, shouting loudly, stamping feet heavily or clapping hands near the face of the shooter who is attempting a shot for a field goal that disconcerts his shooting action;
  • Unsportsmanlike behaviour or overt dissent; and
  • Any other action which, if repeated, may lead to a technical foul (see lists of non-contact fouls in Art. 38.3.1 of the 2006 Official Basketball Rules and Page 13 of this manual).

However, a separate warning shall be given in each specific offense and/or every different acts and a technical foul shall be assessed only if there will be any repetition of similar infraction after a warning.

There are a number of delay-of-game tactics that could possibly be committed by a player or by a team and these shall be treated separately and administered according to appropriate procedures and penalties for each of the respective infractions.

XII - AUTOMATIC EJECTION/DISQUALIFICATION FROM THE GAME

The following are valid reasons for automatic ejection/disqualification from the game by the players, substitutes, coaches, assistant coaches, team officials and other team bench personnel:

  1. Any flagrant misconduct or acts of violence committed by any member of the team;
  2. Throwing a punch or striking with a closed fist (with or without contact) committed by a player;
  3. Two (2) technical fouls committed by a player;
  4. Two (2) unsportsmanlike fouls committed by a player; and
  5. A combination of an unsportsmanlike foul and a technical foul or vice-versa committed by a player.

Any rule violations of Art. 39 (Fighting) committed by substitutes, coaches, assistant coaches, team officials and other team bench personnel who leave the confines of the team bench area during a fight or during any situation which may lead to a fight shall be subject to ejection/disqualification from the game.

NOTES:

If a player is charged with a technical foul under Nos. 3 and 5 for delay-of-game acts e.g., by deliberately touching the ball after it passes through the basket or by preventing a throw-in from being taken promptly, such deed shall not count as one of the grounds for his automatic ejection/disqualification. However, if this type infraction would constitute to be the third (3rd) cumulative breach of the rule, then the offending player shall consequently be ejected/disqualified.

If a player is charged with or earlier committed technical infractions under Nos. 3, 4 and 5 above, accumulated as a result of player contact/non-contact fouls during any period of the game, he shall be automatically ejected/disqualified from the game. However, that technical foul, unsportsmanlike foul or a combination of both shall be the only foul to be penalized and no additional penalty for the ejection/disqualification from the game shall be administered. This includes late discovery of such technical infractions - there shall be no additional sanctions on the ejected/disqualified player.

Any suspension for such ejection/disqualification from the game shall be at the discretion of the Commissioner.

XIII - AUTOMATIC SUSPENSION FOR COACHES EJECTED/DISQUALIFIED FROM THE GAME

Coaches ejected/disqualified from the game as a result of the below-listed infractions of the rules shall be given an automatic one (1) game suspension, to wit:

  1. One (1) disqualifying foul for direct and abusive personal, persistent and flagrant unsportsmanlike behaviour; or
  2. Two (2) technical fouls as a result of his direct personal unsportsmanlike behaviour; or
  3. Three (3) technical fouls accumulated (cumulative) as a result of unsportsmanlike conduct by the assistant coaches, substitutes, team officials and other team bench personnel who are seated on the team bench or a combination of three (3) technical fouls one (1) of which has been directly charged against the coach.

Upon ejection/disqualification from the game, the coach shall immediately leave the playing court and building premises or he may choose to stay inside their designated team’s dressing room.

Coaches under suspension shall not be allowed to be present at the playing venue and the immediate premises during his team’s next scheduled game.

XIV - FINES AND PENALTIES

For technical foul, unsportsmanlike foul and disqualifying foul committed by a player, coach, assistant coach, team official and other team bench personnel.

  1. Technical foul or unsportsmanlike foul (persistent and flagrant acts):


    1st offense - Php 600.00
    2nd offense - 800.00
    3rd offense - 1,200.00
    4th offense - 2,000.00 plus automatic one (1) game suspension
    5th offense - 3,000.00 plus automatic two (2) games to three (3) games suspension

  2. Disqualifying foul (purposeful and premeditated deeds):


    1st offense - Php 2,000.00 plus one (1) game to two (2) games suspension
    2nd offense - 3,000.00 plus three (3) games to five (5) games suspension
    3rd offense - 5,000.00 or more plus suspension for the rest of the conference
    Subsequent offense - heavy fines plus banishment from the PBL

  3. Any other consequent offense shall be classified as a grave offense and shall
    be penalized accordingly.
  4. The Commissioner reserves the right to impose fines and penalties not listed
    herein which is deemed necessary to preserve the integrity of the PBL.
  5. All fines shall be remitted at the Office of the Commissioner on or before the
    next scheduled playing day of the offending party. Failure to comply shall
    prevent the offender to perform his duty for the next scheduled game.

Important Note

The foregoing fines and penalties do not apply to technical fouls and similar infractions concerning a possible number of delay-of-game acts, after tactful warnings, nor to unsportsmanlike foul “B” called on a player while committing a foul (with no clear intention to hurt) on a player who has already established a clear path toward the basket.

XV - PROTEST

As specified on Page 16 under Protest procedure of the Team Operations Manual, a team may protest the result of a game within twenty-four (24) hours from the completion of the game. The protest must:

  1. Be in writing and in the protest form;
  2. Expressly set forth the validity of the protest; and
  3. Signed by the Team Manager.

The teams may secure the protest form from the on-site PBL office (located at venue where the game is being played). A protest fee of Twenty-Thousand Pesos (Php 20,000.00) must accompany the written protest to enable the GOU directors and the Office of the Executive Director and/or the Office of the Commissioner to take cognizance of the protest. If the argument for the protest is upheld, the protest fee shall be refunded, otherwise the protest fee shall be forfeited in favor of the PBL.

The proofs for a valid protest are:

  1. Commission of a technical error; and
  2. The technical error influenced and materially affected the result of the game.

XVI - WALKOUT

As specified on Page 17 under Walkout procedure of the Team Operations Manual, the PBL has a contract with its broadcast partner, to telecast the PBL games live on television. The PBL therefore has the obligation to complete all its scheduled games save only in cases of force majeure. More importantly, the PBL owes it to its fans that all scheduled games are completed.

Any team that walks out of its game or fails to complete the game shall be subject to sanctions that the Commissioner shall impose in the best interests of the PBL. The sanctions shall include the damages that the PBL has suffered on account of the team’s refusal to play and complete the scheduled game.

The team that abandons the game shall be given five (5) minutes to return to the playing court. After the 5-minute period, the signal (horn) shall be sounded for the resumption of the game. If the said team is still absent from the playing court after the horn is sounded for the resumption of the game, the referees shall immediately apply the formal forfeit procedures and the game shall be forfeited in favor of the other team present in the playing court.

XVII - GAME STOPPAGE DUE TO FORCE MAJEURE

In the event that a game is stopped due to force majeure (e.g. power failure, roof leakage, shattered backboard, natural calamity, etc.), the game shall be replayed in its entirety if the stoppage occurs on or before the end of the first half.

However, if the stoppage occurs during the half-time interval or before the start of the second half, the remaining playing time shall be played out within the next seventy-two (72) hours, the time and venue to be determined by the Office of the Executive Director and/or the Office of the Commissioner. In this case, team fouls and personal fouls, score, time remaining and all other related game factors shall be carried over when the game is continued to be played exactly from where it was stopped.

In case of power outage, a maximum of thirty (30) minutes waiting period shall be provided. If within this period the power is not restored, the GOU directors and/or the Office of the Executive Director and/or the Office of the Commissioner shall order the suspension of the game.

XVIII - RESOLUTION OF TIES

The following procedures shall be applied:

  1. In case of ties involving two (2) teams, the result of the game between the two (2) teams involved or the “winner over-the-other” rule shall prevail. If more than one (1) game is played between the two (2) teams involved, quotient system shall be used.
  2. In case of ties involving more than two (2) teams, the following quotient (goal average) system shall be applied:

POINTS FOR (points scored by team) Quotient
POINTS AGAINST (points scored against team) = (goal average)

All scores of the teams involved shall be taken into account. The quotient (goal average) is derived by dividing the total points scored by the team against the total points scored against the team.

Example: Team Win Loss Points

A 3 3 12
B 3 3 12
C 3 3 12

Results between teams A, B and C

A vs. B 82 - 75
A vs. C 77 - 80
B vs. C 88 - 77

Points for Team A 82 + 77 = 159 Points against Team A 75 + 80 = 155
Points for Team B 75 + 88 = 163 Points against Team B 82 + 77 = 159
Points for Team C 80 + 77 = 157 Points against Team C 77 + 88 = 165

Quotient
Final Placing Points for Points Against (Goal Average)

1st = Team A 159 155 = 1.0258
2nd = Team B 163 159 = 1.0251
3rd = Team C 157 165 = 0.9515

In the event that two (2) teams shall have the same quotient (goal average), the results of all their games played in the group shall be used to break the tie.

XIX - CALL-OUT TIME FOR TEAMS TO ENTER THE PLAYING COURT

Starting of the game

Both teams must enter the playing court 20-minutes before the game is scheduled to begin to start their final warm-up in their respective opponents’ basket. A 20-minute period on the game clock shall be set prior to the start of the game and the game clock shall be switched-on immediately whether the competing teams enter the playing court.

This period shall be used to determine if one or both teams shall be given a warning for delay-of-game and consequently be charged a technical foul before the game officially begins.

Starting the second half (3rd period/quarter) of the game

Both teams must return to the playing court immediately after completion of the 15-minute half-time interval, and as soon as the horn-signal is sounded for the start of the 3rd period/quarter. The teams must be ready to start to play without delay when the referee blows the whistle and beckons the players to enter the playing court.

Failure of teams to follow the foregoing procedures shall be subject to automatic technical foul charged against the coach of the offending team.

XX - MEMORANDUM ON FIBA RULES AND PBL HOUSE RULES

The following excerpts from a number of memorandum originally issued and addressed to all PBL teams or head coaches and team managers (signed by the Executive Director and/or the Commissioner) shall now form as an integral part of this manual to ensure that all participating teams are fully informed of the existing rules contained therein. However, any previously issued house rules including exceptions, if any, which were no longer incorporated in this selection were considered as outdated and/or superseded and, therefore, will not be applicable as such. In this case, the 2006 FIBA rules and interpretations shall be applied accordingly.

Authorized Team Representative for Referees’ Draw Lots (21 April 2007)

We wish to remind you that the above-subject representative must be present at the PBL on-site location office (venue of the game) for the following schedule of draws:

For 2-game schedule 1st game at 2:00 pm - 1:00 pm

2nd game at 4:00 pm - 5-minutes after buzzer
sounds for end of the
first half of 1st game

For 3-game schedule 1st game at 12:00 noon - 11:00 am

2nd game at 2:00 pm - 5-minutes after buzzer
sounds for end of the
first half of 1st game

3rd game at 4:00 pm - 5-minutes after buzzer
sounds for end of the
first half of 2nd game

The draw lot must be completed in time to enable the assigned referees to prepare themselves for the game (dress, warm-up, pre-game conference, etc.). A maximum of five (5) minutes shall be given to each representative to be present for the draw. If one or both delegate(s) failed to come on time, the Game Operations Unit director shall proceed with the draw and the result can not be protested against.

Perceived questions and clarifications on referee’s call (01 May 2006)

Effective immediately, the Game Operations Unit (GOU) directors seated opposite the team benches shall no longer entertain nor provide special attention to gesticulations coming from team owners and head coaches (including coaching staff) concerning possible wrong calls, no calls, weak calls, etc., made by the officiating officials. Instead, you are enjoined to seek clarifications from any one of our GOU directors at the appropriate time as provided under the PBL Rules and Regulations Manual (House Rules), Pages 8 and 9, Sections VI - Norms and Code of Conduct of Players/Team Officials, Procedure No. 3, and VII - Inquiries on the Conduct of the Game, Procedure Nos. 1 and 2, respectively.

There is no need to call the attention of the GOU directors during the progress of the game.

This will give GOU the much needed concentration in carefully evaluating each play situation where calls or no calls may have taken place. It will also enable them to constantly brief and remind the game officials on other situations which the responsible referee may have failed to see or involuntarily disregarded.

However, we have instructed the officiating crew to courteously pay attention to head coaches and coaching staff, or team managers if they so wish, who may want to seek clarifications provided this is done in a nice and courteous manner and only during stoppage of play when the ball is dead and the game clock is stopped at the same time.

Expanded time frame for correctable situations (17 April 2006)

References: 1. Memo, Page 3, Agreed Changes to Guidelines on FIBA Rules/PBL
House Rules dated October 28, 2005
2. PBL Rules and Regulations Manual (House Rules), Page 11,
Section IX - Correctable Situations

Effective Game No. 29 on 23 April 2006 (start of 2nd round), we are expanding the time frame within which to correct errors covering the correctable situations listed in the above-referenced guidelines and house rules as follows:

  1. Period ending shot or 24-second period ending shot: If the game officials encounter difficulties in determining whether a period ending shot or a 24-second clock ending shot shall count or not, the Game Operations Unit directors and the game officials shall review the video tape to determine if the ball is still in the hands of the shooter when time expired or if the ball has been released before the expiration of time;
  2. Legitimate 2-points or 3-points field goal attempt: If the game officials fail to determine whether a shot for a field goal is a legitimate 2-points or a legitimate 3-points field goal attempt, the Game Operations Unit directors and the game officials shall review the video tape to determine the correct place from where the shot was taken; and
  3. Goal tending and interference (offensive and defensive): If the game officials were unable to make instantaneous decisions on whether a goal tending or interference with the ball violation has occurred, the Game Operations Unit directors and the game officials shall review the video tape to determine if a clear violation was actually committed either by the offensive or defensive player.

The expanded time frame shall be as follows:

Error occurs = START of time frame: Error IS
CORRECTABLE
Ball live = Error is correctable
Game clock starts or continue to run = Error is correctable
Dead ball = Error is correctable
Ball live = Error is correctable
Dead ball and game clock is stopped = Error IS CORRECTABLE
e.g., referee blow the whistle for any infraction (foul or violation), time-
out or substitution, jump ball situation, etc.
Ball live and game clock starts to run = END of time frame: Error IS
NO LONGER CORRECTABLE

Therefore, any error listed under the correctable situations may be corrected only up to the FIRST STOPPAGE OF PLAY when the BALL BECOMES DEAD AND GAME CLOCK IS STOPPED AT THE SAME TIME.

All the foregoing situations shall require an immediate official’s time-out and appropriate consultation process with the Game Operations Unit directors, game officials and table officials. This procedure will ensure that the game IS PUT INTO THE RIGHT PLAY and that no team shall be unduly penalized because of the involuntary error by the referee in judging the play.

As a general rule, the Crew Chief shall make the final decision in each of the foregoing correctable situations.

This memorandum supersedes the existing time frame provided in both the above-referenced guidelines and house rules. However, the expanded time frame is distinct and separate from the official time frame and procedure to correct errors under FIBA Art. 44 - Correctable Errors, which specifically apply to the proper administration of the game. Therefore, the time frame for Art. 44 shall remain as is for all its intent and purpose.

Throw-in spot (new amendments FIBA rules - No. 3) (October 28, 2005)

During the last two (2) minutes of the 4th quarter or each overtime period, if a time-out is granted:

  • to the non-scoring team after a valid field goal,
  • to the team that has been awarded possession of the ball in its backcourt

IN ALL CASES, the throw-in, following or after the time-out shall be administered at the center line extended (mid-court), opposite the scorer’s table. The player taking the throw-in shall be entitled to pass the ball to his team-mate at any place on the playing court either front court or backcourt.

EXCEPTION: If the ball is caused to go out-of-bounds by a defensive player as a result of a good defensive pressure, the remaining time on the 8-second period and the 24-second shot clock shall continue from the time these were stopped e.g., remaining time of 4 seconds to move the ball into the frontcourt and remaining time of 20 seconds to attempt a shot for a field goal, respectively, and shall not be reset. The throw-in shall be administered at the nearest place from where the ball goes out-of-bounds in the backcourt (not at the center line extended).

Art. 7 - Only the coach is permitted to remain standing during the game (October 28, 2005)

Aside from the head coach, any one of the assistant coach(es) shall likewise be allowed to remain standing during the game provided that a maximum of two (2) coaches, the head coach or assistant coach, shall stand at any given time. Any infraction of this rule shall be subject to warning in the first instance. A technical foul shall be charged for any repetition of similar infraction after the warning.

It shall be maintained, however, that in situations where a spectacular play and related display of sensational actions occur, any and all other team bench personnel may be allowed to stand provided that after such play they shall remain seated again.

Hash Mark (Fine Line) (October 28, 2005)

A hash mark shall be strictly enforced and must be observed by the coaches who are allowed to remain standing during the game. Particular attention must also be given in that no members of the team (head coach, assistant coaches, substitutes, team officials and team followers) shall leave their team bench during a fight or any situation which may lead to a fight.

Therefore, all team bench personnel must always stay inside their team bench area during any period of the game. During time-outs granted to either team, however, team members may leave their team bench provided that they remain within their team bench area.

As a deterrent to bench clearing incidents, automatic ejection/disqualification from the game of those involved shall be applied irregardless of the number of players being ejected/disqualified. The sanction includes imposing of fines and penalties as may be deemed necessary by the Office of the Executive Director or the Office of the Commissioner.

Behaviour of head coach, coaching staff and team bench personnel (October 28, 2005)

Any persistent and flagrant unsportsmanlike behaviour (taunting and use of verbal abuse to express bitter and insulting remarks) directed at any of the game officials shall be strictly prohibited. No more than one (1) warning shall be given to team bench personnel (head coach, assistant coaches, substitutes, team officials and team followers) for this purpose.

If necessary, the officials shall immediately assess a technical foul or a disqualifying foul in the first instance of flagrantly unsportsmanlike acts.

Philosophy of advantage/disadvantage principle (October 28, 2005)

This subject has been clearly illustrated and shall be maintained in all play situations during the progress of the game. However, any foul called shall be based solely on the judgement of the officials calling the infraction and, therefore, cannot be contested or corrected by the Game Operations.

Addressing the attention of the Game Operations officials (October 28, 2005)

These acts of some coaches in addressing the attention of the Game Operations officials, (formerly Technical Committee) by constantly disputing calls of officials, displaying a disapproving glance beginning with the referee’s first decision and continuing with similar abusive behaviour through these hands which the coach puts on his head, these gestures that forgive you from being alive, these demonstrations of contemptuousness toward the referees and Game Operations officials are far, far worse than any insult or angry protest.

The Game Operations shall not tolerate any of these acts. Instead, coaches are reminded to wait for the most opportune time to seek clarifications, which must be done in a nice and courteous manner, in order that Game Operations may be able to entertain such request.

Please note that where changes on guidelines presented in this memorandum differ from previously issued guidelines, these agreed upon changes supersede any other guidelines and shall, therefore, take precedence.

A. Establishing location of a player inside the court (20 October 2005)

If a player, by his momentum involuntarily goes out-of-bounds, he may immediately return into the playing court BY LEGALLY ESTABLISHING HIMSELF WITH EITHER ONE FOOT OR BOTH FEET ON THE FLOOR (inside the playing court) before touching or catching the ball.

B. Immediate and clear control during sounding of the 24-second shot clock period (20 October 2005)

When a shot for a field goal is attempted NEAR THE END OF THE 24-SECOND SHOT CLOCK PERIOD, and the signal sounds while the ball is in the air:

  • If the ball hits the backboard or completely missed to touch the ring, technically speaking, a violation has occurred UNLESS THE OPPONENT (DEFENSIVE PLAYER) HAS GAINED IMMEDIATE AND CLEAR CONTROL OF THE BALL and/or AN IMMEDIATE CHANGE IN TEAM CONTROL WAS ESTABLISHED, in which case the signal sound for the end of the 24-second shot clock period shall be disregarded and the game shall continue without interruptions from the referees.

If, in this case, the referee blows his whistle (the game clock is stopped and the ball is dead), the game shall continue by awarding the ball for a throw-in to the team that gained immediate and clear control of the ball and, likewise, this team shall be awarded a new 24-second shot clock period.

C. Travelling violation after a legal attempt for a shot for a field goal (20 October 2005)

Whenever an offensive player releases the ball on a legal attempt for a shot for a field goal or lay-up shot, both team control and player control ends immediately. Therefore, if the ball missed to touch the ring and the same player gains control of the ball, he may attempt another shot for a field goal from his new location, make a pass or may even dribble again, however, the 24-second shot clock period continues to run and a possible 24-second violation may occur. This situation is LEGAL PLAY and shall no longer be called as a traveling violation.

D. Time-out or substitution opportunity (new amendments to FIBA rules) (20 October 2005)

A new time-out or substitution opportunity shall be granted to BOTH TEAMS during any period of the game on the following situations:

  • If the request for a time-out or substitution is made BEFORE THE BALL IS AT THE DISPOSAL OF A PLAYER FOR A THROW-IN (BEFORE THE BALL BECOMES LIVE) immediately following a free throw(s), the time-out or the substitution shall be granted to both teams IF THE LAST OR ONLY FREE-THROW IS SUCCESSFUL.
  • If a free-throw(s) is to be followed by awarding a throw-in at the center line extended (possession of the ball at mid-court), the time-out or the substitution shall be granted to both teams AFTER THE LAST FREE-THROW WHETHER THE LAST FREE-THROW IS SUCCESSFUL OR NOT, AND BEFORE THE BALL IS AT THE DISPOSAL OF A PLAYER FOR A THROW-IN (BEFORE THE BALL BECOMES LIVE).

In both situations, the substitution may be made IRREGARDLESS OF THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS to be substituted.

E. Foul on offensive player after the release of the ball on a shot for a field goal (20 October 2005)

Whenever an offensive player releases the ball on a legal attempt for a shot for a field goal or lay-up shot, any foul called on this player SHALL NOT BE CONSIDERED AS AN OFFENSIVE FOUL because both team control and player control ends immediately when the shot was released. Therefore, the ball shall be awarded to the opponents for a throw-in at the nearest place of infraction. However, if this team is in the team foul penalty situation, the opponent shall be awarded two (2) free throws, made or miss, the game shall continue normally as after any last or only free-throw.

New FIBA rule on the start of overtime periods (May 6, 2005)

If an extra period (overtime) is required, the overtime begins with alternating possession (AP) arrow throw-in by the team entitled to the AP arrow at the end of the previous period, as is done to start the 2nd, 3rd and 4th quarters.

Therefore, the jump ball shall be made only during the start of the 1st quarter of the game.

Considerations given limited sideline space (April 27, 2005)

One of the first things we noticed upon our return to the Pasig Sports Center is how little space there is available on the sidelines, especially in the area immediately in front of each team’s bench.

As you know, the area of operation of our game officials includes these very spots, and there is a big possibility of collisions between coaches and game officials therein.

So as not to hamper the game flow and to enable our game officials to stay true to the mechanics we have drilled into them, we would like to enjoin the cooperation of everyone on the coaching staff of the teams to please refrain from standing up in these spots, particularly while the play is in progress in that half of the court.

This will be true for all venues in which sideline space is at a premium.

  1. Tugging of jerseys (April 19, 2005)

    - The jersey is deemed part of the player’s skin. An automatic foul will be
    slapped on any player caught holding on to an opponent’s jersey.

  2. Hand check (April 19, 2005)

    - Anything that can be construed as moves meant to impede a player’s
    progress on the court will be called. The arm bar, arm lock or the
    use of arms to impede progress and the like will now be slapped with
    automatic fouls. In essence, broadening the referees’ appreciation from
    the old adage of play involvement being limited to those being just “one
    pass away.”

  3. Excessive physical contact (April 19, 2005)

    - Self explanatory.

  4. Referee-player interaction (April 19, 2005)

    - The referee will no longer directly caution players about their on-court play.
    Instead, the referee will communicate this to the coach who in turn will talk
    to his player. (Exception: Calling out excessive jockeying by telling players
    to “loosen up” while game is in progress.)

  5. Principle of trajectory during rebound plays (April 19, 2005)

    - A bit more leeway for positioning during rebound play will be allowed
    provided the ball caroms away from where the players are located.

  6. Restudying the principle of “dire consequences” (April 19, 2005)

    - We will look again more closely into what constitutes “dire consequences”
    as applied to sequences in which unsportsmanlike fouls are called.

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