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danny
12-21-2010, 03:17 AM
Ok. What is going on? Is the anti-retraction movement gaining momentum in Manila?


Since I was young, despite the "retraction propaganda", I never believed Rizal made the retraction. Probably because this is the story handed down to us from my great grandfather and his relatives who were Katipuneros from the province now known as Rizal. According to my elders, the Catholic Church forged the retraction.

When I read this article and googled for more information, I find it surreal that the stories I heard when I was young may actually have concrete basis.



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Landscape
Forging Rizal, 1
By GEMMA CRUZ ARANETA
December 20, 2010, 10:21pm

MANILA, Philippines – To this day, one hundred and fourteen years after Dr. Jose Rizal was executed at Bagumbayan, the myth about his retraction continues to confuse, if not obfuscate. Although the retraction strategy was hatched by Spanish Jesuits in the 19th century, soon after they were discombobulated by the Noli me Tangere, Rizal’s first seditious novel ( published in Belgium in 1887 ), as late as 1961 a facsimile of the alleged retraction document, duly signed by the hero, was printed in the textbook, Phililppine History for High Schools by Dr. Gregorio F. Zaide.

Incredibly prescient, Rizal knew he was going to be vilified after death. When he returned to Manila in 1887, he visited the Ateneo, talked to Padre Faura who told him that everything he had written in the Noli was true but that he may lose his head for it and if he should persist in his beliefs (masonry) he should never again set foot in his alma mater. The Jesuits were probably alarmed because if their famous alumnus had turned his back at Mother Church, others would certainly follow suit.

On July 1892, four days after he established La Liga Filipina in Manila, Rizal was arrested and hastily deported to the wilderness of Dapitan. According to Rafael Palma, an early biographer of Rizal, the Jesuits there offered him quarters at their mission house (probably the most liveable) but only after a spiritual retreat during which he would recant his anti-religious and politically subversive ideas. Needless to say, the steadfast Rizal politely refused.

From his execution on 30 December 1896 (which we will commemorate at the Rizal Monument on Thursday, a working day) to the 1960’s six retractions all ludicrous and blatant forgeries have surfaced. These are:

* “Rizal’s Retraction,” Photostat copy, in Jose M. Hernandez’s ,Rizal, (Alemars, 1950)

* “Rizal’s Retraction” printed in “I Abjure Masonry”, allegedly by Rizal, a San Beda College pamphlet , 1950.

* “Rizal’s holograph,”, in Rizal’s Unfading Glory , Fr. Jesus M. Cavanna, (Revised edition, 1950)

* “Facsimile of Rizal’s Retraction”, Selected Readings From Rizal, Ricardo C. Bassig, 1959

* “Facsimile of Rizal’s Retraction”, Philippine History for High Schools, Gregorio F. Zaide, 1961

* “Facsimile of Rizal’s Retratcion.” “Statement of the Catholic Hierarchy of the Philippines,” 1956

Absolutely no one has seen the original retraction document from where all these facsimiles were supposedly taken. Amazing, to say the least. (to be continued)


Source: The Forgery of the Rizal Retraction and Josephine’s Autobiography, Runes, Ildefonso T. and Buenafe, Mamerto M. (Pro-Patria Publishers, 1962) gemma601@yahoo.com